Kanon is a plucked string musical instrument with a trapezoidal body. The Azerbaijani kanon has a flat wooden case of trapezoidal shape. The Azerbaijani kanon differs from the Turkish and Arabic.
The upper part of the kanon consists of a wooden casing; the remaining part is covered with fish skin. 24 rows of triple strings are bonded on the kanon – 72 in total. The kanon is held on the lap (with the long side facing you) and the index fingers of both hands have iron thimbles with a plectrum during playing. The kanon is used in orchestras and ensembles of folk musical instruments as an accompanying and solo instrument. It is one of those instruments on which mugham is reproduced exactly.
Kanon music was reflected in the creation of many eastern poets, especially Nizami Ganjavi, Muhammad Fizuli, Mahsati Ganjavi.
Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov noted that “If today it is important for every musician to be able to play the piano, Eastern musicians in the past, whether played on any instrument, deemed it necessary to be able to play the kanon well”.
Azerbaijani composers have created many great works, among them concertos for the kanon with an orchestra.