Lahige is a town type settlement located on a bosom of the Big Caucasus mountains, on a coast of the river Girdmanchaj. Territory of the Ismaillih area, within the limits of which Lahige is placed, since the IV-th century B.C. has become a part of the ancient Azerbaijan state Albania. In I-V centuries AD the capital of this state was the city of Gabalah being a frontier to this territory. In the early Middle Ages the given territory was naturally or forcibly and actively populated by various tribes. Among moved there were many Irani-language tribes, the part of which has populated in the territory of present Lahige.
Lahige has an ancient 1500 years history. Historians date establishment of Lahige to the III-rd-VII-th centuries AD. In historical sources of the different periods it is mentioned as “Al – Аbhaz”, “Lanjhan”, “Al- Аyjhan”; “Layijhan”. Some people colligate “Lahige” with the name of a tribe, others with preservation of the population, which moved from provinces Lahigan (Iran) and called their new place by name of their former native territory.
According to retained legend, Sasanid governor Keykhosrov I founded Lahige. During his reign Iran waged wars on Turan. At the time of an armistice, not having a son Kejhosrov handed over the regal throne to his brother and together with close comrades left Iran and moved in Lahige, which climate, nature and beauty the shah liked very much. He spent the lees of life here and named the settlement Lahige in honour of Iranian province Lahigan. In the ancient cemetery of Lahige the tombstone with inscription “Keykhosrov” was really preserved. All these data testify about ancient history of Lahige.
The Tats live in the settlement Lahige. Genealogically the Tats are lineal descendants of the Irani-speaking population emigrated to the Caspian areas of Azerbaijan by the Sasanids as far back as in the IV-th century. The Turkis named sedentary Irani-speaking population of Azerbaijan the Tats. The Tats’ language relates to the Iranian group of Indo-European languages and is close to the Farsi. Inhabitants of the Lahige are the Tats by their ethnic origin, but they name themselves the Lahiges.
Lahige has become famous as the ancient center of workmanship. In the XVIII-XIX-th centuries Lahige was one of the main centers of manufacture of copper utensils and weapon. The majority of products were decorated with complex and graceful patterns. In the middle of the XIX-th century there operated more than 200 handicraft workshops in the settlement. In general, 127 kinds of art have been advanced here.
Lahige is one of the most popular tourist objects in the country. The village Lahige is located in mountains of the Big Caucasus on a coast of the river Gyrdimanchaj. Lahige is divided into two administrative settlements – Lahige and Aragyrd separated with a small river Ljulo. Lahige is in the southern part, and Aragyrd – in the northern one. In general, there are five quarters in the township: Zaviro, Murdan, Agali, Baadvan, Pishtah. Every quarter has its streets, impasses, springs, mosques, a bath, a mill and a madrasah. Lahige is known for the original architecture and traditions, creativity of masters and skilled craftsmen producing unique products of national – applied art. Workmanship has much developed here. The brightest one is the craft of a coppersmith. Products of chasers on copper are known in many countries of the world.
In workshops it is possible not only to see graceful mechanical products of skilful masters, but also to observe their preparation, to find out some secrets of their preparation. Interested persons can buy various souvenirs here.
In Lahige there are multiple of historical monuments and consequently, it is considered national museum conservancy area and is also a part of the big Shahdag National Park. Lagijh has plentiful ancient houses, baths, masterful tinkers, saddlers, smiths, weavers. Short way off Lahige fragments of fortress Gyrdiman of the Albanian tsar Jhavanshir were preserved on rocky crests.
At the ethnographic museum one can familiarize with population’ traditional-household life, ceremonies. As a result of the Tats’ and the Azerbaijanians’ long historical coexistence there sprang up many common features in life, economy, and culture. Many of the Tats constitute themselves Azerbaijani and in many respects have lost the Tat language, so nowadays it is the household language in countryside.
One of the natural sights of Lahige is Niyaldag (mountain Nijal). Niyaldag is similar to camel hump. The top of the mountain is covered with 9 hunches that remind a kind of moving caravan. The ridge Kovdag towers in the north. In vicinities of Lahige there are picturesque river valleys, where one can make horse walks.