(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!
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Activities in Gadabay

(English) Small fortresses

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There are 30 small fortresses in Gadabay. These small fortresses, built from huge stones weighing about one ton, are of strategic importance. They are called Oghuz fortresses. Members of the an­cient Turkic tribe who built the small fortresses were tall and fit-looking. This is proved by the size of the tombs. The small fortresses are defensive look-out stations. They were used for reconnais­sance purposes and served as centres of communication for big fortresses. Unli­ke the fortresses located on the heights, the small fortresses were built from large rocks. Those killed in action were buried in the same territory

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(English) Galakand

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Galakand is located at the foot of Mount Shahdagh on the bank of the Shamkir River. The place is interpreted as a noisy roadside place. Gala is also the name of a Kipchak tribe.The village, which is situated too far from the town in the mountains and dense forests, is a real ethnic museum. There are 11 monasteries in Galakand alone. Almost all homes in the village have medieval maps. A villager discovered a big piece of concrete as he tried to plant potatoes in his courtyard. It was a big tombstone with big and decorative cros­ses and inscriptions in an ancient alpha­bet. Getting a shovel and digging out works left over from the antique period is regarded as normal here. A resident of the village, Bakir Mammadov, has collec­ted all the ancient things he has found in the area. As we entered his house, we thought that we were in a history and ethnography museum. Jugs of various sizes, ceramic dishes, various metal co­ins, jewels and all types of spears, knives and weapons are available there.

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(English) Boyuk Garamurad village

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The village is situated at the foot of Mount Shahdaghh on the bank of the Garamurad River. The name of this population centre with a perfect view is un­derstood to mean a great and brave per­son. In 1888-1891, the German scientist Waldemar Belk carried out archaeologi­cal excavations on the territory of Gara­murad. He opened ancient graves and found gold, silver and bronze jewels and weapons inside. He made a list of things found in the graves and took all of them to Germany. Now those documents and things are kept at the Berlin Museum.

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(English) Tala Church

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It is an ancient church located in a fo­rest in the upper part of the district in an area called Tala. There are various deep dents on the monument which is hidden behind trees. It is believed that tunnels going in different directions were built here. They say that it used to be a prayer room.

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(English) Slavyanka village

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Slavyanka is a picturesque village at the entrance to Gadabay. Resembling Russi­an fairy tales with its colored wood and classical houses, Slavyanka is known for its yellow raspberries and raspberry jam. This sort of berry grows only in this villa­ge in Azerbaijan. Its previous name was Gizilja. The village is regarded as a resort. While the temperatures reach 40 degre­es in the town in the heat of summer, the temperatures here do not rise above 18- 20 degrees. In July, mountain slopes are full of poppies. New hotels near mineral springs in Slavyanka and in the upper and lower parts of the village are open in summer

The villagers in Slavyanka live side by side with 1,000-year-old historical monuments. Huge tombstones in the an­ient Oghuz graveyard draw attention. Villagers say that foreigners who came here in previous centuries searched the graveyard for treasures and took away the treasures they dug out of barrows. The territory where no scientific research has been carried out is rich in ancient fortresses and temples belonging to Og­huz tribes.

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(English) Novosaratovka village

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The first Russians came to Gadabay in 1831. Twelve exiled Molokan families settled in the village of Novosaratovka. It is interesting that the Russians living here speak Azerbaijani with a Gada­bay accent. The architectural structure and lifestyle of Molokan villages is so different that anyone who comes here forgets that they are in Azerbaijan. The Russians have maintained their customs, cuisine and music. They get together to play the accordion, sing chastushkas and dance. When someone comes here, they turn on classical Russian baths and bat­he the guests with their famous brooms. In summer, it is possible to rent a house and stay in Saratovka.

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(English) Koroghlu Fortress (5th-7th centuries)

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It is also called Javanshir Fortress. It is located 2,000 metres above sea level. In fact, it was a comfortable fortress and city in its time. Water was supplied to the fortress from afar by pipes made from clay. The remains of a two-source secret water tank and a wind mill inside the fortress are still intact. There were re­mains of double tandirs, a cave that co­uld house hundreds of sheep, as well as several ancient temples around the fort­ ress. At this fortress of Albanian origin, many coins, household utensils, spears, bows and arrow tips, as well as women’s jewels have been discovered.It is a monument belonging to the 5th- 7th centuries. It was built in the final days of Albanian rule by Varastirdat, the fart­her of the prince of the Girdman state, Javanshir. It is a huge defensive complex of strategic importance built on a ste­ep rock where the ruler and his famili­es and loved ones took refuge during an enemy attack. It is possible that the historical monument, which is regarded as a feudal fortification, was built in the 12th century. The belonging of the fort­ress to Javanshir and Koroghlu is expla­ined in the following way. Although as a historical monument, it belongs to the Albanian period, it was controlled by Ko­roghlu in the 16th-17th centuries. The­re are many places linked to Koroghlu’s name in Gadabay – the Koroghlu gorge, Mount Koroghlu and so on. It is believed that the fortress was one of Koroghlu’s main havens in Azerbaijan.

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(English) Sabatkechmaz Fortress

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It is located 2 km off Galakand. It is cal­led Sabatkechmaz or Govdu. It means a steep rock, a steep river bank, a hill and so on. It is a word of Turkic origin. The hill is shaped like a place for a small fortress.There is a building in a mountain forest away from the small fortress. For its type and structure, it looks like other Albanian monuments located here. The villagers call the one-cell monument an Albanian temple. They also say that it was a watc­htower and belongs to the early Middle Ages. Koroghlu Fortress can be clearly seen from this place.The fortress named after the people’s hero Koroghlu has been built on the ruins of Oghuz Fortress near Galakand, which belongs to the Bronze Age.

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(English) Giziltorpag village

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They say that the village is called so because its land is very productive. An ancient Albanian monastery is located in the woods 1-2 km from the village. When you walk around, you notice that some parts of the monuments have been damaged. The monuments were damaged by those who searched for treasures in the belief that jugs of gold had been buried in the foundation of the temple. It is recommended that you visit the Giziltorpag waterfall which is situated in another part of the village. This place which is situated in a dense forest between the mountains is called Dalikdash. It is home to rare species of birds, animals and plants included in the Soviet Red Book.

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(English) Maiden’s Tower

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The tower is a huge building located in the village of Soyudlu on the bank of the Shamkir River. The fortress, which is also known under the name of Namardgala, is situated in such a complicated geog­raphical area that it is almost impossible to get there. The height of the fortress, which is located on a steep rock, is up to 15 metres. It is possible to get to the fortress only in arid summer months when rainfalls are rare. During the ra­ins, the river bursts its banks and poses a threat, and it is impossible to get to the fortress. The Maiden’s Tower, which resembles Chiraggala in Davachi, is beli­eved to have been built under Sassanid rule in the 5th-6th centuries. The Sassanids and Caucasian Albania waged a war for this area which is rich in copper reserves. In order to fortify their positions along the Shamkir River during a military conf­lict, the Albanians built a defensive fort. Various sources say that the fortress was built in the 9th century and was regarded as one of the strongest installations in the 12th century Atabay state.

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