(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Activities in Nakhchivan

(English) The carpet museum of Nakhchivan

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

The Khan’s House has been used as a museum since 1998. Carpets are being displayed in six rooms of the house. The other two rooms contain belongings of the khan’s family. The fact that Azerbaijan’s second carpet museum was opened in Nakhchivan is very interesting. As in other parts of Azerbaijan, a group of people toured every village in Nakhchivan in the 1990s and bought valuable handicrafts, including carpets, at giveaway prices. Those carpets were seized at the border while being smuggled out of the country. All of the seized carpets have been submitted to the museum.Looking at the carpets in the museum, you can trace the evolution of carpet weaving. The history of this old art dates back to the ancient Shumers 3,000 to 5,000 years ago. Simple woolen covers evolved into today’s carpets over time. There are nearly 250 very beautiful and rare carpets in the museum.

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(English) The Outdoor Museum

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

This museum, which was opened in 2004, has no analogues in the country. It was established to preserve monuments dating back to the Aggoyunlu and Garagoyunlu period (in the Middle Ages). It can also be called a museum of ram sculptures. Ram and other stone sculptures in all cemeteries of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan have been savagely destroyed by people seeking gold. This museum was opened to preserve the remaining ones.

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(English) The Yusif ibn Kuseyr tomb (1162)

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

According to an inscription on the tomb, it was built in 1162. Locals also call it the “tomb of a father and grandfather”. Yusif ibn Kuseyr was a dearly loved adviser in the palace of the Atabays. Ibn Kuseyr enjoyed so much respect that after his death, the most prominent architect of the time was told to build a tomb for him. One of Nakhchivan’s most beautiful historical monuments was born as a result. The monument is made up of a crypt and a structure on the ground looking like a tower. The inscriptions on the tomb contain information about the date of its construction and the person the monument was dedicated to. One of them reads: “This tomb belongs to Yusif Kuseyr’s son, a teacher, a living chief, the intellect of the religion, the beauty of Islam and the head of sheikhs.” Another inscription reads: “Built by mason Ajami Abubakr’s son Nakhchivani.”

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(English) The Momina Khatun tomb (1186)

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

This tomb is viewed as a magnificent monument of the national architecture and a pearl of the Eastern architecture. It is also called the Atabay tomb, or the Atabay dome. Once 34 meters high, the tomb has crumbled over time. It is now 25 meters high following the latest restoration. Until the nineteenth century, there used to be several other buildings, including a mosque, near the tomb. The monument is the emblem of the town of Nakhchivan. It is also the beauty of the town. The tomb was built in 1186 in memory of the mother of Atabay ruler Mahammad Jahan Pahlavan. It is called the Taj Mahal of Nakhchivan. One of Azerbaijan’s and also the Islamic world’s tallest tombs with fine composition, the long life of this monument is attributed to the perfect engineering work. A Kufi inscription on the tomb reads: “We go, but winds remain. We die, but our work remains.”

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(English) The Arafsa mountain – the grave of Noah

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

This is one of the important places on the territory of the autonomous republic related to the Flood. It is claimed that Prophet Noah has been buried here. It is also said that Prophet Adam’s body was also in Noah’s ark during the Flood. As prophets Noah and Adam lived in the same period of time in history, both were caught by the Flood 10,000 years ago. The graves of Noah’s wife and mother are in the town of Marand, in Southern Azerbaijan (south-western Iran). It is strongly believed that Noah’s own grave is in an area called Kohnagala (old fortress) in the town of Nakhchivan. This place is visited by people as a Pir (place of worship). Large-scale archaeological excavations have been carried out here in recent years.

According to another legend, Noah’s and his wife’s graves are in the ruins of an old village called Nuhdaban, also in Nakhchivan. It is about the village and mountain called Nahajir (or probably Nuhajir).Some researchers say that the name Nakhchivan is connected with the legend of Noah. According to Shumerian mythology, the entire world was overflowed by water during the Flood. Prophet Noah and his sons were saved in his ark, which landed here (in Nakhchivan). They settled here and built a town. Then humans gradually spread to all over the world from here. This place, where Noah’s ark landed, was named Nuhchikhan in memory of the prophet.An Arab geographer of the sixteenth century, Al-Ashrafi, also noted that Noah’s ark and grave were in Nakhchivan. According to Mirza Jamal Javanshir Kharabakhi, the emergence of many towns in Azerbaijan was closely connected with Noah and his son Arran. It is not by chance that the legend of Noah is connected with Nakhchivan. Archaeological research shows that Nakhchivan, one of the main cultural centers in Azerbaijan, developed in close economic and cultural cooperation with powerful Shumerian states in Mesopotamia 4,000 to 5,000 years ago.

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(English) Imamzadeh (1722-1732)

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This complex is located in the south-eastern part of the town, in an area which locals call Kohnagala. The walls of an ancient and medieval town have been unearthed here. The Imamzadeh tomb is typical of the Safavid architecture of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It used to be an area where prominent sheikhs were buried and where important tombs were located. The location of the necropolis has changed over time and moved to a nearby hill. Visitors perform prayers at the tomb, which was fully renovated in 1997. This oldest place of worship of the town is also called the tomb of Nuh (Noah). It was used as a pharmacy between 1984 and 1987. Seyyid Sultan Safa, a grand-child of the eighth Shiite imam Reza, has been buried here

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(English) The Fortress of Yazdabad – Kohnagala – Naringala

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

This is the widely known name used by local people to refer to an area where the old town used to exist. It is located in the south-east of Nakhchivan. It has two sections – Kichik Gala (Small Fortress) and Boyuk Gala (Large Fortress). The large part of the fortress has gone. Only some of its towers have remained. The town of Nakhchivan, which lied on the great caravan route, was destroyed by Sassanids in the third century AD. Between the first half of the sixth and the first half of the seventh centuries, silver coins with the word “Nakhch” carved into it were printed in Nakhchivani printing houses owned by the Sassanids. The fortress was built under the Sassanid shah Yazdigird the Third (632- 651). It is said that the town had nearly 30,000 homes with a population of nearly 150,000 at the time. Evliya Chalabi says that the fortress of Yazdiabad was destroyed by Mongols and Tatars. The fortress, which was the main fortification of the town, existed until the mid seventeenth century, when it was destroyed during the Safavid-Ottoman wars and has never regained its glory since. A legend says that the grave of Prophet Noah is in the town cemetery in Kohnagala.

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(English) The Ajami seyrangah (outing space)

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This is how the park built in a large area covering the Outdoor Museum, the Momina Khatun tomb and the Carpet museum is called. The park was built in 1980-1988 on four hectares of land formerly called Gala mahallasi (the quarter of Fortress). Located in the highest area of the town, this park is a popular place for local residents, as well as for tourists. It is good for walking and taking pictures.

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(English) Ice house

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

The ice house, which is the largest in Azerbaijan, is located near the Imamzadeh complex. This monument with an excellent architectural design was built between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries – at the height of the development of the Nakhchivan school of architecture.

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(English) Khan’s House

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

This house, built in keeping with the Eastern architectural style of the 18th and 19th centuries, was a home of the Nakhchivan ruler Rahim khan. The house has a basement and eight large rooms. It is located in the Gadim Gala (Old Fortress) quarter, 50-60 meters from the Momina Khatun tomb. The network (shabaka) style was widely used in the windows of the building. The house was built on a high hilltop called the “Khan height”, which makes it look extremely magnificent and beautiful. There is a spectacular view of the town from this point.

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