(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!(English) Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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(English) The History of Naftalan

عفوا، هذه المدخلة موجودة فقط في الإنجليزية الأمريكية. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

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Naftalan

Naftalan, Azerbaijan

During the Russo-Japanese war, there was little containers in bags of Japanese soldiers, containing Naftalan ointment. There was a short, but very encouraging inscription on these containers, in which said: “If anyone possesses this ointment, he must not afraid of any wound.”

Perhaps, most of you have read a story about Argonauts and their travel to the Caucasus for gold sheepskin. According to ancient legend, the sorceress woman named Medea gave a strange ointment to the Argonaut Jason the hero of an ancient Greek epic. This ointment protects him from flame and fire, favours his body a property of protection from fire. Medea had got this ointment from a secret place in the Caucasus. That place was Naftalan. Since ancient times, thousands of people from different parts of Asia, as well as from India took the Naftalan oil with themselves in order to get rid of various diseases and were treated in their homeland with the help of this oil. The camel caravans loaded with oil skins went to Middle Eastern countries from here.
In the Middle Ages, the great Azerbaijani poet Nizami Ganjavi had referred to Naftalan in his Khamsa. He said that there produced oil in the vicinity of the present territory of Naftalan called Safi-Kurd, and this oil carried by caravans to other countries. European traveller Marco Polo lived In the thirteenth century while passing through the territory of Azerbaijan saw that therapeutic oil is extracted from wells in the territory of Naftalan and being moved to other places through camels and he wrote this event. Until 1783, the Naftalan oil was extracted from the wells dug manually. In 1890, German engineer and businessman E.I. Yaeger digging a well to a depth of 250 meters in Naftalan by means of industrial drilling rig began to produce oil. But he was impressed by the quality of oil. There was no petrol fraction in the composition of the oil produced here and the oil was incombustible. German engineer being on the eve of bankruptcy after a period learned from the local people that a lot of people from other places come to bathe in Naftalan oil.

When the businessman saw, that a treatment with Naftalan oil is so widespread among the people here, learning the experience of the preparation of medicines from the local people on the basis of this knowledge build a factory for the production of Naftalan medicinal ointment. The drugs produced here soon became popular in many places. Jaeger keeps the mystery of drugs produced in secret and gets a monopoly on drug production in the basis of Naftalan oil. At the end of the nineteenth century and at the beginning of the twentieth century Naftalan medicinal ointment produced in the town of Naftalan of Azerbaijan was widespread in many major cities around the world, as well as in London, Hamburg, Cairo, Tokyo. However, as this medication was introduced as the product of Germany most people did not know, that this ointment is produced in Azerbaijan. During the Russo-Japanese war, there was little containers in bags of Japanese soldiers, containing Naftalan ointment. There was a short, but very encouraging inscription on these containers, in which said: “If anyone possesses this ointment, he must not afraid of any wound.”

Hotels in Naftalan

Excursions from Naftalan