Azerbaijan Republic – a state in the eastern part of the South Caucasus, on the border between Europe and Asia. In terms of its area and population it is the largest state of the region.
The first democratic secular republic of the Muslim East (founded 28 May 1918, in April 1920 invaded by the Soviet Russia, independence regained 18 October 1991).
Area – 86,600,000 km2. Irrespective of UN Security Council Resolution No. 822 (1993) dated 30 April 1993, No. 853 (1993) dated 29 July 1993, No. 874 (1993) dated 14 October 1993, No. 884 dated 12 November 1993, 20% of the Republic of Azerbaijan is occupied by Armenia.
Population – in 2013 the country had 9,356,000 inhabitants, of which more than 1 million had a status of a refugee or forced displayed persons.
Administrative division – 66 rayons, 11 cities and Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (an autonomous state within AR). Unitary state. Presidential Republic. Parliament – unicameral, elected in nation-wide elections.
Economy – an agrarian-industrial country. Payment unit – Azerbaijani Manat (AZN).
Minerals: oil and natural gas, alunite, copper ore, gold, molybdenum, marble, kaolin, tuff, dolomite and others.
Flora: 450 types of plants of which 240 are endemic, i.e., grow only in Azerbaijan. Fauna: Azerbaijan is located on the border of several zoogeographic poles. Its fauna consists of approximately 12,000 species including 90 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, more than 40 species of reptiles and more than 80 species of fish.
Science: 145 scientific organizations operate in Azerbaijan of which 96 are research institutes. The main scientific association in the republic is the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.
8 February 2013, AzerSat-1, the first national satellite was launched into orbit. The launch of the second satellite is planned for 2015.
Sometimes Azerbaijan is called the eagle of the Caucasus – not only because the shape of the republic reminds of this noble bird.