The process of creation and shaping of the folk dance art in the territory of Azerbaijan lasted for centuries. The various types of folk dance crystallised from various ceremonial dances as early as the Middle Ages. At the court of Azerbaijani rulers, there were dance groups which were made famous by the great mastery of the dancers. According to the nature and rhythm, the Azerbaijani folk dances are divided into very slow, slow, and fast. Many dances, in particular ancient dances, are named in accordance with the most popular animal or plant “djeiran” – gazelle, “lale” – field poppy, “benevshe”– violet, “innabi” – the fruit of a fruit tree, and others. The thematic content of Azerbaijani dances is diverse and is divided into work related (“coban” – “shepherd’s”), ceremonial (ritual, calendar, wedding), everyday (“mirzay”, “turacı”), heroic – military (“cengi” – the combative male dance), sports (“zorkhana”), round – play (“yalli” – festive round dance, “halay”), nomad dance (“tarakama”), and others.
Dance music was represented by female dances – slow lyrical or joyfully live, male dances – solemnly sublime (“mirzay” – the dance of wisdom, danced by old people, etc.) incendiary – swirly (“gaytaty”, “askerani” etc.).