Although a group of Russian scientist suggested establishing a natural park here in 1913, the plans were upset due to the start of World War I. It was set up in the south-west of the Caspian on an area of 88,400 hectares in 1929. It was established for the wintering, reproduction and protection of migrant birds, waterfowl and wild bird species. Most of the birds included on the Azerbaijan Red Book are protected in the natural park. The park is of tremendous importance for the reproduction of migrant birds. Birds from Siberia, Kazakhstan, south of the Urals, north of Europe fly here in great numbers for wintering. There are 270 bird species here. Thus, birds are an important component of the local cuisine.
The place is also referred to as the “House of birds”. The hunting season starts in autumn and winter. A total of 73 per cent of the natural park is made up of water. Motorboats can quickly take one to the Big Gizilagach and Small Gizilagach. Gizilagach is the name of a plant. This broad-leaved plant grows in forests and near water sources. The name of the place comes from the abundance of the plant.