Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Activities in Barda

Ancient Barda

It is located about 5 km away from its current territory. In ancient times, the city consisted of two parts. The city centre which was surrounded by fort­ress walls was called Shahristan. The part that was called Rabat was home to merchants and a caravanserai. The city’s famous Al-Kirkuy bazaar, which turned into one of the most important trade and cultural centres of the Middle and Near East in the 8th-9th centuries, was located near the Barda Gate.


Bahman Mirza sepulcher (1880)

It is located 25 meters northeast of Imamzadeh. Bahman Mirza Gajar Ba­hauddov (1811-1884) is a historian, a grandson of Fatali Shah and a son of Abbas Mirza. He was the ruler of several provinces. He was educated in the pa­lace and worked as an Iranian vizier for 13 years. His brother fell from grace in the eyes of Agha Muhammad Shah Ga­jar. After their relations were disrupted, he left Iran first for Tbilisi and then for Barda and Shusha. He was buried here according to his will.



It is a common name given to the area. There is a hill called Soltanbud near a forest under the same name. Until re­cently, there were even seven hills here. After that, the hills were dug out and plundered in the belief that there were treasures in them. It is not known what was found in those hills, but out of the seven hills, only the biggest one Soltan­bud was left. There are various legends about this place. It is believed that the hills emerged during the Mongol inva­sion. Mongol soldiers who fought for a long time and travelled a lot buried their dead commanders in those places. As part of the ritual, each Mongol soldier threw a handful of land on the grave. Thus, every grave turned into a big hill. The seven hills – the Soltanbud barrows – are regarded as graves from the same series.A gate between the Karabakh moun­tains and plains Barda, which was called a gate between the Karabakh mountains and plains, was regarded as an important cultural and political cen­tre between Tabriz and Ganja. Houses built from burnt bricks, baths, cara­vanserais, gardens, fields and bazaars in Barda, which was once compared with the city of Baghdad for its beauty and wealth, used to be a talking point. Barda is often mentioned in works by travellers and writers of various times. In his work “Roads and Countries”, Ibn Khordadbeh (10th century) reported about trade routes going through the last capital of Arran, Barda, and the city’s administrative structure. Nizami Ganjavi, who visited Barda in the 12th century, liked this place so much that he praised and admired the city in his “Isgandarnameh”.

Barda is so beautiful, so handsome,

In summer and winter, it is flourishing all the time…

“The first city established in the Kharabakh region is the city and fortress of Barda situated on the Tartar River and three groves away from the Kura River.” Mirza Jamal Javanshir Kharabakhhi (5th century)