Ganja is the birthplace of Nizami Ganjavi, one of the luminaries of world classical literature. His real name was Jamaladdin Ilyas ibn Yusif. The medieval Azerbaijani poet was born into a craftsman’s family in Ganja. He lived and was buried here. During his lifetime, he was known as a sheikh and was loved by the people. Although he refused to be a court poet, he wrote poems at the request of rulers and praised them. Nizami began his activity with lyrical poems and his works are known as Khamsa (The Five). It includes five poems. There are many places named after the genius poet in Ganja.
The mausoleum is located at the entrance to the city 6 km from the city cent re. The first sepulcher was built in the 13th-14th centuries. Sheikh Nizami’s sepulcher was once refurbished by Mirza Adigozal bay Kharabakhi and Asgaragha Gorani. In 1947, a new sepulcher was built on the poet’s grave. In 1990-1991, it was restored. The 20-meter high mausoleum is covered with delicate marble. Behind the sepulcher, there are iron statues depicting some episodes from Nizami’s famous Khamsa.