Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!
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Activities in Gobustan

Narimankand

Cave mazes are very interesting here. These mazes, which are connected by underground passages and tunnels, resemble whole gallery systems built in the Middle Ages. There is a wonderful view of the surroundings from the cave, and the place is always windy. No scientific research has been carried out in the area.

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Diri Baba mausoleum

If you happen to visit Shirvan one day, you should definitely see this amazing piece of art which is regarded as one of the wonders of Azerbaijani architecture. The monument was built on rocks in front of a hill with an ancient cemetery. The surrounding area is rich in caves. It is believed that dervishes lived here. The two-storey sepulcher was built from limestone in 1402. A question arises.

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Gobustan state historical and arts reserve

The area hosts numerous primitive camps, ancient settlements and barrows that date back to the period from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages. The discoveries made here show that the Gobustan area had favorable living conditions in the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Ages and was inhabited by hunters and fishermen in the Mesolithic- Neolithic age and by farmers and cattle-breeding tribes in the Bronze Age. The ancient cave paintings have been known to science since the 1940s. Studies showed that local monuments were created in a lengthy historical period of 15,000 or 20,000 years from the end of the Upper Paleolithic Age in the 18th-15th millennia BC to the Middle Ages. During all this period, life in Gobustan never stopped. In 1966, the Gobustan state historical and arts reserve was created on the territory of Mounts Boyukdash, Kichikdash and Chingirdag and the Yazili hill in Gobustan.

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Epigraphic monument – an inscription in Latin

One of the youngest, but at the same time most interesting monuments in Gobustan is a Roman epigraphic monument written in Latin. It is located on the last flat rock at the southeastern foothills of Mount Boyukdash and is listed as a document of great historical importance. The stone document which says “The time of Emperor Domitianus Caesar Augustus Germanicus, Lucius Julius Maxim, Centurion XII of the Lightning Legion” shows that the 12th Roman lightning legion visited the territory of Gobustan in 84-96 AD. Other sources do not provide any information about the Romans’ visit here. It is known that an ancient road which ran from eastern countries to the north along the Caspian coast lied between this inscription and the Caspian Sea. The Latin author Eutropius, who lived in the second half of the 4th century, recorded that Domitianus carried out four military campaigns and it is known from rocks inscriptions that he was defeated during one of his military campaigns in the Absheron peninsula. The rocks have signs proving that Roman legionaries visited this place in the 1st century AD.

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Cave paintings

They have been discovered in Gobustan for the first time in Azerbaijan. In 1939, the archeologist I. Jafarzadeh started to research the Gobustan petroglyphs. The fact that these pictures cover a vast historical period ranging from the 10th- 8th millennium BC to the Middle Ages makes them more valuable than other world collections of cave paintings. The pictures are mainly related to the human lifestyle. Collective labor, hunting, harvest, yalli dances, animal pictures, meals around a bonfire, women’s and men’s pictures, etc. Pictures of boats and the sun are compared to cave paintings found in Sweden, Urals and Egypt. The famous Norwegian traveler and scientist, Thor Heyerdahl, visited Gobustan several times and carried out research here. Comparing cave paintings found in Norway with those in Gobustan, Heyerdahl came to the conclusion that the ancestors of ancient Vikings reached Scandinavia by sailing from the Caspian coast by boats.

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Maraza

There is a story about the name of this town, which is located in the center of the Maraza plateau and on the edge of the main road. It is said that in the past, the wife of an influential person settled here and recovered from a disease, and after that event, the territory became known as “maraz”. The water in a mineral spring near the town is salty and bitter and is good at treating some gastrointestinal diseases. Carpet-weaving is one of the most ancient handicrafts known here. Carpets are still woven in the villages of Maraza, Jukhanli, Jemjemli and Nabur. The Christian graveyard in the center of the town belongs to Molokans who used to live here. In general, although the area is short of water, the famous Sikh Duzu barrows (8th-1st centuries BC), the remains of ancient human settlements in the village of Dagh Kolani, huge caves in rocks in Narimankand, the Diri Baba sepulcher near the town (15th century) and the Shah Abbas caravanse¬rai in the center of the town testify to the ancient history of this place.

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