Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!
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Activities in Guba

Domed bath (19th century)

It was built from red bricks. The building, which has a rectangular shape, is also called the Hollow Bath. It has six rooms, two doors and six windows. The bath, which was used by the local population until 1895 and is regarded as a masterpiece of oriental architecture, now only decorates the street where it is located as a historical monument. The bath was once visited by the famous French writer Alexander Dumas. About 150 years later, his great grandson visited the area where his great grandfather had travelled.

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Friday mosque

It is also called Came. The Friday mosque, which has an interesting architectural style, was built with financial aid from Gazi Ismayil Afandi in 1802. This mosque is one of the most ancient religious centres not just in Guba, but in northeastern Azerbaijan. The mosque and its madraShah operated until 1924. The mosque was closed in the Soviet period and its madrashah and minaret were knocked down in 1933. After Azerbaijan regained its independence, the 50-meter high minaret was rebuilt here with the help of Turkey’s department of religious affairs.

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Istisu – natural baths

Although the baths are located just 10 km from the Khaltan village, it was possible to get there in two or three hours, because there is no road as such there. Along the road, we could not see a single soul, animals or birds. Silence is deafening in this place where there is not even a telephone line. After a tiring journey of several hours, the view you can see is fascinating.

Istisu looked like a tent camp. Those who come here from neighboring districts live here in isolation from civilization for 40 days. Hot water has been coming out of the rocks for hundreds of years at a height of 1,500-1,800 meters. Failing to withstand the chemical composition of the water, the rocks melt and form natural baths. Hence, the name. There are two large natural baths in the area. One is for women and the other one for men. It is believed that there too many such natural baths in the area. But they are located much higher in a more dangerous place. There are also deposits of natural gas here.

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Khinalig village

Khinalig village, which has been included on the UNESCO list of world historical monuments, resembles a museum in the open air. This village, which is called “an island in the mountains”, is 65 km from the district centre. Houses built from river stones climb the mountain and resemble a multi-storey building. In his essay entitled “Memories of Khinalig Village”, Rasul Rza likened the local houses to eagle nests placed on each other. Since Khinalig has been declared a reserve, it is illegal to build new houses here.

There are no hotels or canteens in Khinalig. Only locals offer tourists a bed for the night. They are very hospitable. Since Khinalig residents live in cold mountain conditions, they are very simple and economical. Those who are keen on ecotourism can stay in tents overnight. It is possible to get to Shah Yaylaghi and Mount Gizil Gaya (3,700 meters) from the village through the Khinalig pass by a mountain road. Passing through Shah Yaylaghi, it is possible to get on horseback to the Lezgin village of Laza, located on the bank of the Gusar River at a distance of 30 km. Khinalig residents can also arrange for tourists wrestling and horse riding contests and horseback trips to the Shah Nabat pastures where bazaars are organized.

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Afurja waterfall

Afurja waterfall

In order to see it, you definitely have to visit the village of Afurja which is situated 42 km from the district centre. The Afurja waterfall is 70 high and flows from a high rock situated near the village. A narrow 3-4-meter wide gangway leading underneath the waterfall causes a rush of adrenalin. As you pass through the place with a ceiling made from a mountain rock, you are overwhelmed by panic. The taste and flavor of tea from plants picked in surrounding mountains and forests and made at a tea house on the road leading to the tea house helps travelers relax.The northern road that leads to the villages of Gonagkand, Khaltan and Garkhun, as well as to the Babadagh shrine (3,629 meters) passed through this area.

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Chirag Gala (“Lamp Castle”)

Chirag Gala (“Lamp Castle”), a castle from 4th-5th century is located 100 km to the north of Baku on top of a mountain. Chirag Gala was built over a seam of oil and gas which allowed for lighting up signal fires visible to the distance of several dozens of kilometers. Similar castles and towers were located all over the area from Derbent to Baku providing for a warning system against enemy invasions. Today, under the castle, the “Galaalty” urology treatment center is located whose thermal water has a curative effect on diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract and digestive organs.

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