Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!
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Activities in Shabran

Daghbiliji village

One of the settlements in this historical territory is the village of Daghbiliji which stretched as far as the peak of Mount Pirambar. Since it was founded at an an­cient Muslim cemetery, graves are foun­ded everywhere. In fact, the cemetery is much larger and wider than the territory of the village. This shows that there used to be a large settlement here before. No archaeological research has been carri­ed out here. The village has a beautiful view. Carpet-weaving is very common here. The village lives with its customs and traditions.

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Galaalti sanatorium

Galaalti is located 1,000 meters above the sea level at the foothills of the Gre­at Caucasus Mountains. Galaalti, which opened in 1976, is one of the largest and most famous resorts in Azerbaijan. The mountain and sea air mix in this area, and there is no humidity here. It is surrounded by forests from all sides.

Treatment at the sanatorium is provided with natural waters extracted from the village of Galaalti. This medicinal water is called Naftsu, that’s to say oil water. Naftsu has a strong smell and taste. The composition and quality of Galaalti wa­ter is compared to water at the Ukraini­an resort of Truskavets and Karlovi Vari in the Czech Republic.

Galaalti has a urological sanatorium called Chiraggala. This water treats ma­inly kidney problems and is regarded as good for those who suffer from meta­bolism problems, gastrointestinal and gall bladder diseases.

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Ruins of Shabran

There are ruins of an ancient city near the village of Shahnazarli. As a result of archaeological excavations carried out on the bank of the Shabran River in 1979-1989, the ruins of the ancient city of Shabran with an area of 450 square kilometers were discovered. The histo­rical city, which was founded between Europe and Asia along the Caspian Sea coast, is now a museum.

Shabran was built by the Sassanid Shah Khosrov Anushiravan (531-579) in the 6th century and was occupied by Arabs in the 7th century. In the 9th-10th cen­turies, the city turned into a political-administrative, trade, crafts and cultural center. In the 10th-12th centuries, it was one of the main political centers of the Shirvanshah state. The family graveyard and central prisons of Shirvanshah ru­lers were situated here. According to written sources, in Shabran, Shirvanshah Ibrahim gave a big banquet in honour of Tamerlane, who defeated the Golden Horde Khan Tokhtamysh.

The Mongol invasions and Ottoman raids dealt a serious blow to Shabran’s economy. During the decline of the Safavid state, the city became a small settlement. During the turmoil and in­fighting in the country in the early 18th century, Shabran went into decline and gradually turned into ruins. The ethnic composition of the city’s po­pulation was diverse. Although most of the population were Muslims, the­re were also Christians and Jews here. The city population was engaged in the production of ceramics. Pottery work­shops have been found under the ruins of Shabran. Azerbaijan’s first sewerage system was built in Shabran in the 9th century. The covered network built from stone and bricks connected the central street to the river. In the 11th-12th cen­turies, spring water was supplied to the city by special pipes from a distance of 14 km. Shabran was laid out with man­sions built from raw bricks. In medieval Azerbaijan, the first street was built in Shabran. Ovens in the bakers’ street are still intact. One of the largest mints in the east was located in Shabran. Vario­us metal coins found during excavations show that copper production, jeweller’s art and weapon-making were develo­ped in the city in the Middle Ages.

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Nohurlar village

Nohurlar is an ancient village located 1,000 meters above the sea level. They say that it was built in the 16th century. Its previous name was Gomur. Then the village was renamed Nohurlar. Nohur is the name of a closed water pool here. It also means a lake. The village derives its name from nearby lakes. The area has seven beautiful mountain lakes. These are freshwater lakes that formed after a strong earthquake in the past. Locals call them miraculous mountain villages. Each of them has fresh water and diffe­rent colors. It is dangerous to swim here as they are very deep and cold. Nohurlar is a tourist paradise. It is possible to try tea from plants that are good for blood pressure, kidneys, heart, head and sto­mach aches. According to the program to develop provinces launched by the communist leader Nikita Khrushchev in the 1960s, the village population was totally resettled to the district center. Therefore, the village still has no social infrastructure. For this reason, no-one lives in the village. Villagers use this area as summer pastures and move here in summer. They prepare for winter and then leave the village after the onset of cold weather. We managed to establish contracts with the large village popula­tion. We wondered about the lifestyle in Nohurlar and visited homes. Homes in the village are built from stone and co­vered with wood. The interior is bleac­hed with limestone. This creates a speci­al smell inside the houses. Every house has two or three small rooms. Furnitu­re is not used here. Instead, there are plenty of blankets, mattresses, pillows and mutakkas. There is no electricity in the village. Oil lamps are still being used here.We noticed that the homes we visited offered a lot of dairy products and mo­tal. The elder of one house was happy to share all tips about ways of making them with us.

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Chiraggala

Chiraggala is the symbol of Davachi and can be seen from all parts of the district. There is no other monument like this in Azerbaijan. It is located about 20-25 km from the center on top of a steep rock. It is believed that Chiraggala was built in the 5th-6th century and was used for defensive and reconnaissance purposes until the 18th century. Secret undergro­und tunnels were built from the castle to the sea in the past. Chiraggala was used to inform other castles and regi­ons of Azerbaijan about enemy invasi­ons. Chiraggala received information mainly from Darband Castle through smoke. It was also one of the three lar­ge castles of the defensive line stretc­hing from the Caspian Sea to the Great Caucasus Mountains and was used as a guard house for the Gilgilchay dam. The Gilgilchay dam and Besbarmaq Castle in Siyazan, Chiraggala in Davachi and Dar­band Castle in Dagestan form a whole defensive complex that protected the northern borders of Caucasian Albania.

In the course of time, a great part of the dam collapsed. Chiraggala, which has survived to date, was declared a state reserve in 2003.

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Kechi Gayasi

The place called Kechi Gayasi, which is located in the Zagli-Zeyva tourism zone, has a beautiful view. A river flows behind the steep rock, which is difficult to cross because of a thick forest. Since the area has a source of medicinal sulfur water, people come here for treatment and recreation. The area is called Kechi Ga­yasi because it is inhabited by wild mo­untain goats.

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