Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!

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Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!Trip TO Azerbaijan – Magnific Land of Fire!
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Activities in Shamkir

Ancient Shamkir

The ancient Shamkir was built on 30 hectares in the 5-6th centuries on the left bank of the Shamkir river on a trade route crossing Barda, Ganja and Tbilisi. In medieval Azerbaijan, Shamkir was one of the prosperous cities with grandiose buildings, good water supply and sewage system, big and crowded markets and developed handicrafts. 9th century historian Ahmad al-Balazuri notes that Salman ibn Rabia al-Bahili conquered the ancient town of Shamkir. After Arab invasion, in 854-855, great commander Buga rebuilt the town and settled the Caspians there. They sub­sequently adopted Islam. He brought merchants from Barda and named the city Mutavakkiliyya after a caliph. In early Middle Ages the town thrived on the Silk Way and turned into a signifi­cant centre in the 9-10th centuries. In the 13th, the Mongols invaded the town and destroyed it despite the resistance from the local people. The town lost its significance afterwards. Shamkir was known as Samkur in the Middle Ages and was looted several times as a result of foreign invasions. Local residents, fed up with such invasions, left the ancient town and built a new settlement 9-10 km away. During its renaissance in the 9-12th centuries, the town was con­quered by the Seljuk and, as part of the Ganja khanate, was occupied by Russia in the 19th century



The village founded by German colonists on the territory of present-day Shamkir in 1819 was known as Annanfeld until 1938. The district was a settlement for German colonies in the 19th century with special permission of czarist govern­ment. The settlement was also known as Anino. Houses and buildings constructed in German architectural style and tidy streets create a special atmosphere here. Pear and plane-trees are planted along the street. According to German beliefs, pear is the symbol of open attitude to work, abundance and fertility. The start of World War Two affected local Germans as well. Stalin ordered to exile them and no-one came back. The German church (1909) in the central park is still there but does not function.