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Naftalan Special Page



Naftalan, Azerbaijan


Naftalan oil is a unique medical factor not having analogues in the world. Naftalan is a black-brownish liquid with compact consistence and distinctive smell. The main effecting substance of naftalan oil are nafthene hydrocarbons (is related to availability of cyclopentane-perhydrofenantren skeleton existing in composition of a number of ferment hormons and other physiologically active substances) that has effect of activator of intensity of pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory, vascular-widening, antiallergic, trofic functions and metabolism processes, stimulator of spermatogenesis, ovulation and ovogenesis processes. Basing on all these processes Naftalan therapy was acknowledged as a non-substitutive method of treatment in many fields of medicine.

Naftalan city is located about 360 km from Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, 48 km in the south-east of the city Ganja. Locating on the banks of the river of with the same name the city, takes its name legendary name from the oil in its territory. This healing oil can be found only in Naftalan all over the world. Namely, this oil turned Naftalan into one of the well-known medicinal resorts of Caucasus in Soviet times.

Naftalan as the location of a resort its history from 1873, when oil was manually produced from shallow wells. Naftalan was called “thick blood of the Earth”. In 1926, the first resort of the same name was established in the city of Naftalan and the history of the city began to spread around the world. This rapidly growing settlement received the status of the city in 1967. The total population of Naftalan were 9393 people at January 01, 2012. Its area is a bit more than3572 hectares.

100 years have past since the study and usage of medicinal properties of Naftalan oil started. Its effectiveness in various diseases has been confirmed by the results of more than 1,600 scientific papers and monographs.


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