Galeyi Bughurt (11th-13th centuries)
It is located 20 km northeast of the center and 1,600 above sea level. The Bughurt fortress is famous just like the Barkut fortress. It was inhabited in the 11th-13th centuries. The castle which is believed to have been built in the 13th century is often mentioned in 15th century sources. When the Safavid ruler Shah Ismayil I invaded Shirvan in 1509 and 1518, Shirvanshah Sheikhshah retreated into the Bughurt fortress and defended it for several months. In that period, the treasury of the Shirvanshahs was kept at the Bughurt fortress. During the Safavid-Ottoman wars, the Ottomans seized the fortress and turned it into a base. The fortress was used until the end of the 17th century. The fortress which has a perfect water supply system has a shah’s palace inside. The remains of ponds built for storing water secretly supplied here, a water tower and a water pipeline are still here. Since it is very difficult to get to the fortress from the village of Galeyi Bugurt, it is recommended that you go through the last village on this route – Gala Darasi. It is possible to get to the fortress in 40-50 minutes from there. On the high mountain standing opposite to the fortress, there are dense forests called Shahbulag and Topkhana, as well as picturesque places. It was a strategic point where Shahbulag rulers spent their holidays, while Topkhana was a strategic point where Shirvanshah cannons were deployed.