Icheri Sheher – the fortified old city of Baku
The fortified city of Baku (Icheri Sheher) with the Shirvanshah’s Palace and the Maiden Tower represents a compound with unique sights and medieval architecture. The city surrounded with well preserved walls whose area covers 21 hectares is the oldest part of Baku which was inhabited as early as in the Bronze Age. The Maiden Tower is a unique structure of an eight-storey cylindrical tower that rises to a height of 28 meters. The Shirvanshah’s Palace consists of a complex of palaces built during the rule of the Azerbaijan dynasty of Shirvanshah. It consists of the Palace, the Palace Mosque, the Burial-Vaults, the Palace Bath-House, Ovdan (a covered reservoir), Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s mausoleum and Murad’s gate.
Icheri Seher also features Shemakha Gates, 3 bath houses, 4 caravanserais, 14 mosques including the Mosque of Mohammed (1078), market place, House of the Baku Khan and Donjon