A girl from Shamakhy (Shamakhy is a town in the central part of Azerbaijan, the centre of historical area Shirvan), pictured with a musical instrument «shirvan tanbur». This ancient stringed instrument was the ancestor of the musical instrument “saz“.

A Russian painter, vice president of the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts, Prince Grigory Gagarin (1810-1893), lived in the 1830s to the 1850s in the Caucasus. Hundreds of his paintings and drawings of Caucasian subjects have been preserved. Some of them were published in Paris in the album “Picturesque Caucasus” (“Le Caucase pittoresque”). Researchers consider works of G. Gagarin as an ethnographic source, as with great accuracy it portrayed anthropological features, details of clothing and daily life of the Caucasian types.