Balaban is a woodwind musical instrument with a double reed. It is a tube with 9 holes. An example of balaban, made from a bone, was found in a grave from the 1 century BC in Mingachevir.

The name of the instrument comes from the words “bala” which means smaller and “ban” which means a rooster crowing, which is related to the nature of the sound of the instrument. Balaban is made from apricot, walnut, mulberry or pear wood; it is lubricated with linseed or olive oil and dried at a certain temperature for a long time. The mouthpiece is made of reed. Azerbaijani balaban is widely used in orchestras, music ensembles and also ashug and other musical groups.