Trip TO Azerbaijan – Odlar Yurdu AzerbaycanTrip TO Azerbaijan – Odlar Yurdu Azerbaycan

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Activities in Abşeron

villa petrolium

Villa Petrolea

Villa Petrolea 1882-83 yılında şirket personeli için inşa edilmiştir. Halk arasında Gülüstan villa gibi de Binirdi. Petrol sanayi işletmeleri sürekli artım zamanda Nobel kardeşlerinin siparişi ile   Polonyalı tasarımçı E.Beklin tarafından mimarisi hazırlandı . Villanın toprakları kötü və petrol qatkılı olduğundan Lenkaran bölgesinden buraya toprak gemilerle getirilerek Konak için hazırlandı. Konakın bahcesinin irregasion sistemi Astarhandan getirilerek, RusyaGürcistan ve Avrupa’nın diğer bölgelerinden toplam 80.000 ağaçlve dekoratif çalılar getirilerek konakın ətrafında iyi bir ortam yapıldı. Çeşmeler ve yüzme havuzları, çevrili villa, tamamen Nobel kardeşlerin emrinde oldu. Yerel ve İran halıları gerçekten aristokrat bir ortam oluşturmak için konak odalarında süslendi.  Nobel kardeşler HAzar denizinde bulunan Pirallahi adasını kiraladı ve 1904 yılında büyük bir petrol sahasını keşfetti. Kısa bir süre içinde küçük bir balıkçı köyü bir endüstriyel yerleşim haline geliştirildi. Azerbaycana gelen turistler arasında bu yeri görmem gerek diyenler çok oluyor. Bu yüzden Absheron yarımadasında olurken Villa Petroleanı görmeyi de unutmayın.

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Mardakan fortresses

Mardakan fortresses

The Mardakan fortresses were built in 1187, in the time of Akhsitan, the son of Shirvanshah Manuchohr. The rectangular fortress is 22 m high. Its 76-step tower has two drinking water and 60 food wells. There is a circular tower 500 m away, is known as a “round fortress”. It is also called the “Six fortress” after Sheikh Abu Said Abulkheir. It is 12 m high. The Arabic inscriptions on it suggest that it was built by architect Abdulmajid Masud in 1232. The Tubashahi mosque, built in 1481, is one of the oldest local structures. All of them are believed to have an underground road connecting them to each other.

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Nardaran mosque

The Nardaran mosque

The Nardaran mosque is located in the north of the village. The grave of Imam Museyi Kazim’s daughter, Rahima, is in the mosque (8th century). She was one of the Prophet’s children who came to Azerbaijan in the time of Harun er-Rashid Mamun. The new mosque was built in 1994. It has four 41-meter minarets. The grave can be visited by 1,500 pilgrims at a time. On religious holidays, during the month of Muharram, especially on the “Day of Ashura”, there are so many people at the mosque that it is hardly possible to move. Another important site erected in honor of the Imams is situated on the other end of the city, at the entrance to Baku.

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Ateshgah – Temple of Fire Worshipers

30 km outside Baku, in the village of Surakhani, Ateshgah (“House of Fire”) – the temple of fire worshipers is located. This ancient shrine was built on a site where natural gas flows came to the surface and burned. The pentagonal complex features an open courtyard with an altar in the middle. The structure was repeatedly reconstructed and its current version comes from the 17th century.

Ancient manuscripts refer to the temple as Ateshi Baguvan – “the place of Baku sacred fires”. It was mentioned in writings by travelers, diplomats and historians.

Jules Verne, a French writer, described Ateshgah in his story entitled “Claudius Bombarnak”: “…the famous shrine of Ateshgah is located 22 versts outside the city…The eternal fire is burning there…”

Currently, Ateshgah constitutes a historical-architectural conservation area attracting tourists from all over the world.

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