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Activities in Ganja

(English) Ganja Gate

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The Ganja Gate was made by the black­smith Ibrahim Osman’s son in 1063 un­der the rule of Al-Fazri’s son Shaddadi Abul Asyar Sayir. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 1139. Taking ad­vantage of this, the Georgians plunde­red the city and stole the large gate. In response to the Georgian attacks in the 12th century, the Seljuk army invaded Georgia, but failed to get the gate back.

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(English) Ancient Ganja

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It is located at a distance of 6-7 km from the city centre. This place was a moun­tainous territory in the past. Ganjabasar, which is located on a neighbouring he­ight and has a rocklike relief, used to be one of the most seismically active districts of the Caucasus. 1122, 1139 and 1235 saw earthquakes measuring nine with their epicentre in the old city. After the strong earthquake of 1139, the city was totally destroyed. This natural calamity claimed about 300,000 lives. The survivors did not leave their homes and founded a new settlement nearby. The site of the previo­us city is known as the ruins of Ganja. Like all medieval cities, Ganja was also built as a fortress in the 9th century on the right bank of the Ganja River.

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(English) Glass house

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A two-storey residential house which attracts everyone’s attention in Ganja is regarded as the strangest building in the city. The owner of the house built if from 50,000 bottles in 1960-64. This ho­use, which Ganja residents call a “bottle house”, is on the list of historical monu­ments.

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(English) Nizami home museum

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It is a typical medieval Ganja house. It is the pavilion where the main episodes of the film “Nizami” were shot on the occa­sion of the 840th birthday of the genius poet in 1980. The scale model was not dismantled after the filming was comp­leted. It is protected as Nizami’s home museum.

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(English) Nizami mausoleum (13th-14th centuries)

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Ganja is the birthplace of Nizami Ganjavi, one of the luminaries of world classical literature. His real name was Jamaladdin Ilyas ibn Yusif. The medieval Azerbaijani poet was born into a craftsman’s family in Ganja. He lived and was buried here. During his lifetime, he was known as a sheikh and was loved by the people. Alt­hough he refused to be a court poet, he wrote poems at the request of rulers and praised them. Nizami began his activity with lyrical poems and his works are known as Khamsa (The Five). It includes five poems. There are many places na­med after the genius poet in Ganja.

The mausoleum is located at the entran­ce to the city 6 km from the city cent­ re. The first sepulcher was built in the 13th-14th centuries. Sheikh Nizami’s se­pulcher was once refurbished by Mirza Adigozal bay Kharabakhi and Asgarag­ha Gorani. In 1947, a new sepulcher was built on the poet’s grave. In 1990-1991, it was restored. The 20-meter high ma­usoleum is covered with delicate marb­le. Behind the sepulcher, there are iron statues depicting some episodes from Nizami’s famous Khamsa.

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