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It is one of the most ancient Turkic holidays marked on 20-22 March. It symbolizes the arrival of spring and means abundance and prosperity. The most widespread myth goes as follows: “An oghuz (Turkish tribesman) living in a cave was afraid of the cold winter, which is why he always put aside some food. One winter happened to be very long and the oghuz ran out of his food supply. So he had to go out to get something to eat, but failed. On his way back he came across a wolf cub and explained his situation to him. The wolf cub told him that he would find a herd of sheep, wheatear, a spinning wheel and a hand-mill at the, that he can eat the lamb, make some clothes from the wool and hide, grind the wheatear in the mill to bake some bread. Then the spring will come. But, he said, you will have to raise the wheatear and the sheep yourself, shedding your own sweat. If you can’t do this, you can’t survive.The oghuz went ahead. The wolf cub proved right. The oghuz followed his advice and it worked out quite well for him.From then on, he worked hard every year, while on the 30th day of the period of forty cold days from the beginning of winter he started preparations for holidays. He ate, drank, played music, visited his relatives on the last four Wednesdays of that year. The oghuz started counting the year from that very day and gave it the name of Nowruz. He started celebrating and Nowruz brought him abundance. According to another Turkic myth, Nowruz is the day when the first human child was born. The old Turkic calendar describes this day as the birthday of Adam.Nowruz is also linked to another historic event. There is a legend that the son of Iranian and Turanian Keykavus, Sayavush (Siyavarsharap, Avesta), came to Afrasiyab’s country. Afrasiyab received him very well and even wedded his daughter to him. To be remembered, Sayavush decided to build the Bukhara gate in Afrasiyab’s country. However, their enemies managed to set them Aghainst each other. As a result, Afrasiyab had him killed and brought to the Bukhara gate. Zoroastrians buried him at the Eastern gate. Different theories suggest that the day Sayavush was buried was called Nowruz. It is also believed that Zoroastrians considered that day to be the first day of the year.